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Forest fire prevention system solution

date : 2016-08-01 15:23:44   hits :

Background and challenges
Forest plays an important role in the national economy. It can not only provide for national construction and people's life of wood and forest by-products, but also shoulder the release oxygen, climate regulation, water conservation, soil and water conservation, windbreak and sand fixation, beautify the environment, purify the air, reduce noise and health tourism and other multiple missions. At the same time, the forest is an important condition for the high and stable yield of agriculture and animal husbandry. However, forest fires will bring serious harm to the forest. Forest fires are the first of three natural disasters (diseases, pests, fires) in the destruction of the forest. It not only causes huge losses to the human economic construction, destroys the ecological environment, but also threatens the people's life and property safety.
 
Construction goal
For the full implementation of the 2009 the State Council approved the implementation of the national forest fire prevention and long-term development plan "(2009-2015), fire through increased investment, strengthening forest fire prevention, fire fighting and security system construction, improve the focus on forest fire prevention equipment and basic facilities construction level, improve the comprehensive ability of forest fire prevention. Through the construction of the project, covering the establishment of intelligent control system for forest fire prevention, using 3S (GIS geographic information system, RS satellite remote sensing, GPS global positioning system), computer network and modern means of science and technology construction forest fire video monitoring, intelligent early warning, decision support and emergency command system, fire prevention work of scientific, standardization, informationization and specialization, thus effectively improving the comprehensive capacity of prevention and control. Through the construction of intelligent control and early warning system, effectively reduce the intensity of the work of forest workers, and further enhance the efficiency of the forest, forest management and protection work driving by single rely on defense to civil air defence and safety combination, based on technology of reform, further improve forest management and protection into effect, to ensure the safety of natural forest resources.
 
Scheme introduction
Forest fire emergency command system is intended to establish a set of scientific and effective high-tech intelligent control system, using thermal imaging intelligent recognition front-end video, comprehensive analysis platform of science and technology, relying on the forest mobile inspections, video surveillance and other means to achieve on forest conservation and sustainable development. The whole system consists of three parts: front end system, transmission system and command center system.
 
Front end system according to the actual situation of the forest were deployed dual spectrum heavy tripod head infrared thermal imaging camera integration, high-definition network camera, handheld mobile terminal, a sound amplification system, power supply system and wireless transmission system. Back end deployment center emergency command platform, large screen, central storage and other equipment.
 
System by dual front-end spectral heavy tripod head infrared thermal imaging camera video surveillance image acquisition of base station a range of several kilometers near the forest, realize the azimuth angle of 360 DEG omnibearing monitoring, automatic and accurate positioning of the fire through the heavy pan tilt azimuth and pitching angle and telephoto lens focal length, intelligent recognition of fire, once found suspect intelligence, rear end monitoring command center will immediately issued a alarm signal and locate the position of ignition in the GIS map display, and of fire of fire analysis, the fire spread analysis, emergency command, damage evaluation and other functions.
 
 
Program highlights
After the project is completed, the forest and forest resources can be dynamically and intelligently controlled, in the same time, the results of the protection of the green forest resources and technical means to supplement manpower shortage, improve the overall system of intelligent management and control level. Effective prevention and control of forest fire, severely crack down on deforestation, forest deforestation and other illegal acts to steal."

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